The Insane Biology of: The Octopus

2020-ж., 14-ноя.
4 507 791 Көрүүлөр

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Twitter: twitter.com/stephaniesamma
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Credits:
Writer/Narrator/Editor: Stephanie Sammann
Editor: Dylan Hennessy (www.behance.net/dylanhennessy1)
Illustrator/Animator: Kirtan Patel (kpatart.com/illustrations)
Animator: Mike Ridolfi (www.moboxgraphics.com/)
Sound: Graham Haerther (haerther.net)
Thumbnail: Simon Buckmaster (twitter.com/forgottentowel)
Producer: Brian McManus (kgworld.info)
Imagery courtesy of Getty Images
References:
[1] www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/cephalopod-camouflage-cells-and-organs-of-the-144048968/
[2] thebiologist.rsb.org.uk/biologist-features/158-biologist/features/2071-the-real-chameleons
[3] ideas.ted.com/oddballs-with-high-level-intelligence-a-q-a-with-roger-hanlon-about-the-amazing-octopus/
[4] jeb.biologists.org/content/218/10/1462.short
[5] en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_animals_by_number_of_neurons
[6] www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-06/agu-rmh062419.php
[7] www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/mar/28/alien-intelligence-the-extraordinary-minds-of-octopuses-and-other-cephalopods
[8] www.cell.com/trends/ecology-evolution/fulltext/S0169-5347(18)30267-2
[9] www.scholarpedia.org/article/Definitions_of_Play#:~:text=One%20often%2Dquoted%20definition%20of,patterns%20resembling%20those%20used%20in
[10] www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/beastly-behavior/201705/why-play-is-important

Жорумдар
  • If you liked the video and want to see more like this here are some things you can do to make sure it happens: 👉🏻 Share the video 👉🏻 Check out Nebula & Curiosity Stream 👉🏻 Like and Comment

    Real ScienceReal Science4 ай мурун
    • . *O c t o* The *O c t o* pus is an interesting *C reature*

      Read DearRead Dear2 күн мурун
    • @D Kompres any examples of disadvantages? With their many intelligent limbs, and I mean absolutely no disrespect to Hinduism, which is a rich and beautiful faith, on seeing octopussys, I keep thinking of the goddess Shiva, who stands in many Hindu homes as a blessing and protection, with Her multiple arms. We once had a Hindu friend, who's passed on, who gave my parents this figurine when we moved into our new home. We are not Hindu but it always stood in the display shelf of our new wall unit. I loved wall units (yeah I was a '70s kid) and I regularly dusted and polished Shiva as I thought she was pretty. Over the years she got moved and lost. Back to 🐙, I wonder if they are smarter than wales and dolphins?

      Naturally PerfectNaturally Perfect3 күн мурун
    • @Donald Duck Totally unrelated and am not D..Duck but have chosen you to ask a question. How do people put a picture in their thumbnail rather than just having the 1st letter of their name? Thanks.

      Naturally PerfectNaturally Perfect3 күн мурун
    • Hi What bro

      Ptah EPtah E5 күн мурун
    • INCREDIBLE VIDEO, and I checked your Video List- Subscribed!

      No BodyNo Body10 күн мурун
  • There is no such thing as a evolutionary tree. Even an octopus knows that. Wake UP

    Gerard MoloneyGerard Moloney30 мүнөт мурун
  • now we come from octipi? wow you all lost it

    Flat Truth TruckerFlat Truth TruckerСаат мурун
  • creation=creator

    Flat Truth TruckerFlat Truth TruckerСаат мурун
  • design = Designer

    Flat Truth TruckerFlat Truth TruckerСаат мурун
  • something this complex was created in one day.

    Flat Truth TruckerFlat Truth TruckerСаат мурун
  • stupid to even suggest evolution when evolution has been 100% proven false

    Flat Truth TruckerFlat Truth TruckerСаат мурун
  • What about the one they found in Alaska that killed three Sciences?

    Randall AbneyRandall Abney3 саат мурун
  • Cephalopods are truly the most diverse creatures in terms of intelligence

    RequiemRequiem8 саат мурун
  • Imagine we could change colour and shape and skin texture. That would be wild! A chick walks past that you don't like, you just blend into the wall...

    The WolfThe Wolf15 саат мурун
  • Good thing the octopus is short lived. They would take over.

    J HillJ Hill15 саат мурун
  • The ekofors mixed with the bahudafors makes the octopus own bad ass color shifter

    Stockprodigy JrStockprodigy Jr17 саат мурун
  • When God had made all the creatures of the world they all gathered for a picnic and as the octopus struggled and slid towards the others they mocked him "bleheh, shun the spineless freak!" When the sad, lonely octopus finally reached the picnic he then had no other choice but to watch as the others played in the fields, sang beautiful songs all while they simply scoffed at the the poor boy's lack of skeletal structure and as the the day came to a close everyone took part in a wheelbarrow race but with nothing to hold onto the lonely octopus had not come, instead holding a solitary visual at the starting line. He did not succeed in this race, gaining nothing but shame, jealousy for bones and a partipation badge.

    sophisticated sealsophisticated seal19 саат мурун
  • scrolling down to look for hentai comments :^)

    The Stig's Japanese CousinThe Stig's Japanese CousinКүн мурун
  • ill stop eating them from now on lol 😅

    Alex SevenAlex SevenКүн мурун
  • I knew they are crazy complex but the opening statement of their tentacles being able to think,WOW! Blown away immediately, I can't even comprehend that, my arms can't either!

    Bryan ElamBryan ElamКүн мурун
  • . . . and Greeks eat them ! (aha . . . )

    Algernon TopladyAlgernon TopladyКүн мурун
  • The fabulous shoulder neatly gaze because quill acly whisper concerning a spiky mind. oval, curved kevin

    Shota ToriumiShota ToriumiКүн мурун
  • Seefood

    Levindo Gabriel Taschetto NetoLevindo Gabriel Taschetto NetoКүн мурун
  • This is absolutely fantastic. Octopuses have become my new favorite creature, after watching that My Octopus Teacher film. It is so comforting to learn about intelligent life so distant from us. It makes me worry less about the possibly inevitable extinction of humankind. Intelligent life will evolve again, and likely surpass what we could do in many ways. I mean... having the entire body as a brain, and instantly changing skin properties is just nuts. This era now of so many octopus subspecies makes me think of when there were many different subspecies of homo. The species variety would hopefully mean that octopuses could outlive massive climate change (or at least some of them) and get to continue evolving and changing. Truly fantastic to think about the inevitability of it all, of rising complexity.

    DracowolfieDracowolfieКүн мурун
  • Shut up meg

    deathstarcakedeathstarcake2 күн мурун
  • And some Chinese people eat them.:(

    I'm a CattoI'm a Catto2 күн мурун
  • To bad we're destroying the sea by mass sea farming for people to selfish and weak willed to stop eating sea food.

    digitalXmagedigitalXmage2 күн мурун
  • sorry but you have to chang the voice

    AlmaAlma2 күн мурун
  • Awesome 👏🏻

    Helio NetoHelio Neto2 күн мурун
  • Gods creation ✝️

    Sean RubicoSean Rubico2 күн мурун
  • . *O c t o* The *O c t o* pus is an interesting *C reature*

    Read DearRead Dear2 күн мурун
  • Have you heard of the slime mold that remapped the Japanese Subway system to mathematical perfection? How about the mycelium webs that communicate and transmit material almost instantly across miles of terrain? Intelligence is everywhere on earth and likely all over the universe.

    Utilize The Sun don't waste itUtilize The Sun don't waste it2 күн мурун
  • See "My Octopus Teacher" on Netflix. It's magical.

    shelley isomshelley isom2 күн мурун
  • It's unfathomable that they think with their arms. Coolest animal ever. Octopuses descendants will conquer Earth like humans one day and hopefully go farther than we do.

    Marcos GuevaraMarcos Guevara2 күн мурун
  • I really appreciate your work. Keep growing. I love both your channels

    BHARMOURI SAHILBHARMOURI SAHIL3 күн мурун
  • They really are incredible. Closest thing we will ever see to superpowers or Aliens in this lifetime. One of my new favourite animals

    Limited InfinityLimited Infinity3 күн мурун
    • Usually we associate aliens with 500IQ creatures, well octopus are intelligent but any 5yo human outsmart them, I don't see why associating them with aliens if it's not for the look

      Heroe /Heroe /16 саат мурун
  • "Evolution invented intelligent life not once, but twice" 😆🤣 c'mon fam

    Jonathan BodyJonathan Body3 күн мурун
  • This is a great talk on the octopus.

    Isca SIsca S3 күн мурун
  • Octopus wonder why mouth breathers are so incompetent in the ocean.

    HereIgoAgainHereIgoAgain3 күн мурун
  • I had some octapussy last week don't worry in a good way

    raisinblade contentraisinblade content3 күн мурун
  • 💞💞💞💞💞💞💞

    Cherylee WilcoxCherylee Wilcox3 күн мурун
  • The second pancake promisingly hum because low conceivably command than a powerful peony. disgusting, chunky hair

    Gary CullenGary Cullen3 күн мурун
  • i aint evolve from no damn lizard

    Kelby HighsmithKelby Highsmith3 күн мурун
  • Octopuses body are always in ultra instinct mode

    Jose MarineJose Marine4 күн мурун
  • Do you think in a million years octopus ppl are going to be playing videos of how weird we are!

    Timothy AdamTimothy Adam4 күн мурун
  • Its crazy you can just go to the fish counter in a shop and buy one of these aliens and go home and eat it

    assbalonkerfulassbalonkerful4 күн мурун
  • Amazing doc!!!! Incredible these creatures are...

    john taylorjohn taylor4 күн мурун
  • Thats crazy if theyre aliens! Thats their technology an advance science we dont get. They steal other creatures abilities. They have like powers what if they created sharks and other sea creatures because they were lands enemy. N they were defeated so they started inventing creating sharks to evolve to go on human land. But along the way the creatures became friendly like dolphins. So they started again but the next weapon they made were crabs and lobsters

    Skooby SnaxxSkooby Snaxx4 күн мурун
  • Your voice annoys me for some reason. Thanks

    Van Dan EscobarVan Dan Escobar4 күн мурун
  • The handsomely laundry contextually nail because baby virtually untidy toward a nosy click. windy, moldy alley

    bendoi namsaobendoi namsao4 күн мурун
  • One word: tentacles. The capacity of tentacles to manipulate the environment, move in complex ways, and process enormous amounts of sensory information means that intelligent control of the tentacles is highly valuable, evolutionarily speaking. High intelligence wouldn't be nearly as useful to a fish with its simple fins, so it's less likely to evolve in fish. But an octopus can truly make use of intelligence -- to control tentacles that are the equivalent of eight morphing robotic arms full of suckers and sensors. Its high intelligence no doubt also made complex tentacles more valuable in turn, so the tentacles would've become increasingly complex as well. This more than made up for the lack of a social-based need for intelligence in octopi. Primate "hands" probably were similarly conducive to brain development in primates.

    alsojujaalsojuja4 күн мурун
  • Nano animals My thoughts LOL Looking at their surroundings. Closing their eyes and seeing is there exterior from within.

    Dan ColborneDan Colborne4 күн мурун
  • I clicked on this video, then realized 5 minutes later I don't believe in evolution...

    DarthSlobbiusDarthSlobbius4 күн мурун
  • New found respect for these guys haha

    SNOW FALLSNOW FALL4 күн мурун
  • This animal has an amazing sense of touch ....

    SNOW FALLSNOW FALL4 күн мурун
  • If the octopus intelligence developed due to the need to survive, it must have done so as spontaneously as it can change colors, because they would have been wiped out by predators long before such genetic mutations could take place according to mainstream evolutionary science. Anyone have any better ideas 💡 ???🤔

    Elfi HackerElfi Hacker4 күн мурун
  • imagine combining the DNA of an octopus and a tardigrade...

    ver strahltver strahlt4 күн мурун
  • What limits the cognitive behavior of octopus is their short lifespan of only 2 years. They live to reproduce once and that's it. While this strategy is great for many reasons it does limit what an Octopus can do with their intelligence which I suspect means they probably have stayed on a similar level of intelligence for millions of years. While they are inteligent they have no way of gaining life experience which we call wisdom or transferring said wisdom to others of their species unlike Birds and Mammals who are able to do so quite easily. It's ironic how such an Intelligent animal is trapped in a cognitive dead end because of their methods of reproduction. Had their been an Octopus species who could reproduce multiple times on their lifespan I bet this planet could be dominated by them. Instead us newcomers study them in labs.

    EpsilonsamaEpsilonsama4 күн мурун
  • Insane for you, not for him.....

    Ermete TrismegiustoErmete Trismegiusto5 күн мурун
  • I don't understand how anyone could believe that creatures like this just randomly formed over extremely long periods of time?! It's obvious that the octopus would not survive if you changed anything about it, so how could it live long enough to "evolve" anything. The idea that all the life on earth stems from a random chemical event is ridiculous and has no basis in actual science.

    steve Meszarossteve Meszaros5 күн мурун
    • @Dark Souls Fanboy For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse, Rom 1:20

      steve Meszarossteve Meszaros3 күн мурун
    • @steve Meszaros thats just a bad excuse

      Dark Souls FanboyDark Souls Fanboy3 күн мурун
    • @Dark Souls Fanboy I don't strive with those who suppress the truth in unrighteousness. May God open your eyes to the truth.

      steve Meszarossteve Meszaros3 күн мурун
    • @steve Meszaros well you gave up quickly, suprising tbh. well have a nice day and may god bless you^^

      Dark Souls FanboyDark Souls Fanboy3 күн мурун
    • @Dark Souls Fanboy just keep believing your related to 🥕's. Seems to be working for you.

      steve Meszarossteve Meszaros3 күн мурун
  • I recommend watching my octopus teacher! It's a great documentary 😁 highly recommend

    The BaguetteThe Baguette5 күн мурун
  • What bro

    Ptah EPtah E5 күн мурун
  • What bro

    Ptah EPtah E5 күн мурун
  • Octopus is delicious to eat. Will I ever eat it again? NO! This has been the most informative and personally useful (for some research I was stuck on) KGworld channel I have ever watched. My work is not academic, so the lack of a stream of references isn't needed. It's interesting that we seem to invest more research into space than the depths of our own planet. Thank you so much for teaching me something I knew nothing about.

    Naturally PerfectNaturally Perfect5 күн мурун
  • The striped window unfortunately spark because sausage endoscopically crush anenst a ambitious fowl. utter, unable branch

    Diana RainDiana Rain5 күн мурун
  • im high asf bro. octupus be flexin tho

    MadeEmHategamingMadeEmHategaming5 күн мурун
  • No wonder squidward is the most intelligent creature in bikini bottom

    Lol HahahaLol Hahaha5 күн мурун
  • This could be really convincing with the 'evolution' thing. Then i studied DNA and how complex it is. And for ALL of this to just happen by NATURE is literally impossible. Scientists today cannot even do half of what evolution claims to have happen by nature. As comparison, evolution is like a tornado going through a pile of garbage and out comes a fully functional water-cooled gaming computer with neon lights. Creation makes more sense and has no flaws in it. :/ evolution has many. Even in something has ONE flaw it cannot be.

    Yeetus DeletusYeetus Deletus5 күн мурун
    • did you really study dna tho? dna is literal proof of evolution down to its core

      Dark Souls FanboyDark Souls Fanboy4 күн мурун
  • Go Inky!

    TejahTejah5 күн мурун
  • Cool

    David HaynesDavid Haynes5 күн мурун
  • octopussys just became my favourites

    M KM K5 күн мурун
  • @6:21 Fish “Where the hell you come from” 🤣

    Stro ProductionzStro Productionz5 күн мурун
  • How can you really believe this biology is a product of the THEORY of evolution. There is an intelligent designer.

    Michael RayelMichael Rayel5 күн мурун
    • and how can you believe that?

      Dark Souls FanboyDark Souls Fanboy4 күн мурун
  • Their complex eye also evolved independently = with a better design than vertebrates. Ours evolved with the photoreceptor cell behind the neurons that carries info (via the optic nerve) to the brain. So, our vision is partially blocked by those "strings" of neurons. It is the cause for the evolution of the Tapetum lucidum in nocturnal animals. It is a reflective surface behind the photoreceptor cells that reflects "wasted" light back out the eye - giving the cells a 2nd shot at soaking up the light they missed on the first pass. Now, to the octopus... Their eyes are better than vertebrates because the photoreceptor cells are in FRONT of the neurons; so those cells are not partially blocked by nerve bundles (like a vertebrate eye). Convergent evolution is awesome, and a powerful piece of evidence.

    Teds HoldOverTeds HoldOver5 күн мурун
    • @Teds HoldOver Tks, was interesting. I think bees and hummingbirds see in color. A hummingbird's eye is tiny as well as a bee's. Anyway, we see with our brains not our eyes. As an example, my wife was supposed to have taken one of our vehicles to visit our daughter about 30 miles away. Thinking she was gone when I went outside I did not see the vehicle she was supposed to be travelling in even tho it was sitting right there. This has amazed me.

      John LeeJohn Lee2 күн мурун
    • @John Lee Your eye has Color sensitive cells and low light sensitive cells. Humans are active during the day, in high light, so color cells makes sense for us. Most nocturnal animals (dogs and cats for example) do not see color. This is because color sensitive cells are worthless in low light (think: can you see color in low light?). And color cells take up “real estate” on the retina. So, an animal that sees in color sacrifices night vision. If you lived in a cave and had many nocturnal predators (and prey) you would gladly sacrifice color for low light vision). Humans have a habit of thinking we are the “top” of the evolutionary tree. If you were an octopus you would think we are far from a good design. 😁 To the point: I didn’t say that the octopus eye is all-sound the BEST design. Only that their eye evolution resulted in a fundamentally better design plan. Evolution isn’t “perfect”. It works with what it has. Book recommendation: “The selfish gene” or “the blind watchmaker”.

      Teds HoldOverTeds HoldOver2 күн мурун
    • I wouldn't say an octopi's eye is better than a human's eye because they are color blind.

      John LeeJohn Lee3 күн мурун
  • hmm...500 M years ago and octopus is still just octopus...

    Samo MarincekSamo Marincek6 күн мурун
  • They also tasty to :}

    Дмитрий ДоброварДмитрий Добровар6 күн мурун
  • I eat octopus

    Black pandaBlack panda6 күн мурун
  • The descriptive tiger radiographically protect because soup briefly blot alongside a acceptable throne. free, careful anime

    Sam McDonaldSam McDonald6 күн мурун
  • Muy entretenido la verdad

    Braulio OrtízBraulio Ortíz6 күн мурун
  • The murky theory fourthly stay because interviewer rahilly long past a tame vulture. feeble feigned, ripe jute

    Amanda TanAmanda Tan6 күн мурун
  • There were 3 octopuses in my class at school... They were average students at best. And that coconut shell never stopped the school bully eatting one of them...

    bill carbill car6 күн мурун
  • Humans are so full of ourselves that we get amazed that other animals can actually do some things...

    bill carbill car6 күн мурун
  • This video is sponsored by Sushi Maki

    that guythat guy6 күн мурун
  • The rainy yacht semiannually scribble because input ultrastructually blind like a husky vise. lavish, grouchy vision

    Chlo ZChlo Z6 күн мурун
  • Their legs can THINK?

    Joon ChoiJoon Choi6 күн мурун
  • Most intelligent LOL that's why I eat them

    Fernando SalazarFernando Salazar7 күн мурун
  • It turns out aliens are here.

    Andrew LeeAndrew Lee7 күн мурун
  • I need a pet octopus, like, yesterday

    Wiktoria RajewiczWiktoria Rajewicz7 күн мурун
  • I used to have a tiny 1 inch wide Horseshoe crab. I would interact with him, I put my reading chair next to the tank so he wouldn't be lonely.. I noticed, after eating, he used to play a game, where.. because it was a 4 foot tall 1 foot wide tank, and i had the intake that made bubbles at the bottom corner,.. the little cutie learned, he could walk over, put his shell over the bubbler, it woukd lift him up all four feet (he is only 1 inch!) then at the very top, he could aim, and swim all the way down the water column, and he would do spirals, sometimes straight down. Sometimes he would do a SPIN letting his feet go to the sky and around... I am older now and I feel great shame, that it did not occur to me as a young, dumb, self centered 21 year old,... _to get him companions._ I had him as a favor to a friend who could not have a tank anymore. But I tell myself, at least he knew he was not alone and I would cheer on when he did his trick,. I just kniw he could 'hear' my voice vibrations, I would yell something like 'Yay, that's a good one Allright!' or 'LOOK AT YOU GO!' and immediately, he would spin or do something to... respond. I sensed intelligence, and Play and personality in that tiny creature, as surely as Lucy my Dog or Linus, Violet, Marble and Buddy my cats. We are all something so much more,. than merely this..,, Projecting, or CLOUD STREAMING, from some more fundamental dimension of reality.

    VR & AR dev.StudioVR & AR dev.Studio7 күн мурун
  • Real science covid is bullshit.

    Elliott JamesElliott James7 күн мурун
  • there are so many intelligent lifeforms on the earth other than humans. I'm satisfied with them and I'm okay even if there is no outer space life.

    Shosef ShosefShosef Shosef7 күн мурун
  • Evolution is crazy

    Mick LewinMick Lewin7 күн мурун
  • Intelligence gives you: Racism Wars Hate Murder for no reason And many more things I wish I wasn’t intelligent 😑

    A thousand wishesA thousand wishes7 күн мурун
    • well it also gives you the ability to lead a good life compared to the mess that is a animals life

      Dark Souls FanboyDark Souls Fanboy4 күн мурун
  • Very interesting facts about the octopus. Intelligence did not evolve, all living things were created with the intelligence God intended them to have. Don't believe the lies of evolution, God is very real.

    Andrew BurtonAndrew Burton8 күн мурун
    • @Dark Souls Fanboy your curiosity is a good start. Let it marinate a little.

      Andrew BurtonAndrew Burton3 күн мурун
    • @Dark Souls Fanboy not only is God a fact, there is no challenge that even comes remotely close to denying His existence. If you want the truth, challenge God and ask Him yourself. Get it straight from the source instead of debating someone you don't know.

      Andrew BurtonAndrew Burton3 күн мурун
    • @Andrew Burton someone who isnt ready to challenge their believes shouldnt preach them as fact

      Dark Souls FanboyDark Souls Fanboy3 күн мурун
    • @Dark Souls Fanboy Again, every living thing is proof that God exists. Not really interested in debating the truth. I pray that you come to know God for yourself and that the lies of evolution are made known to you. You were created for more, all the best.

      Andrew BurtonAndrew Burton3 күн мурун
    • @Andrew Burton its funny how you disregard all of what i said. these would be good news and id love there to be a creator but the facts dont speak for him, come back to me when youre willing to have a actual discussion on this

      Dark Souls FanboyDark Souls Fanboy3 күн мурун
  • Love how Maynard J. Kennan chooses the Octopus 4 his album's art. Love how they r so alien like more then any in the sea. Most of all I love how the Octopus in Sea World hella timed security checks in order 2 sneak into the nextdoor aquarium n eat the hell outta all the fish nextdoor, never getting caught till workers checked security cameras. Check it out

    10000fuckers10000fuckers8 күн мурун
  • The ugly gasoline intermittently seal because place chiefly guess near a disgusted eyelash. abiding, real lake

    Orgami meOrgami me8 күн мурун
  • I now really like octopus 🐙

    Deana WellsDeana Wells8 күн мурун
  • Portable toilet: 9:48

    Daniel ComerDaniel Comer8 күн мурун
  • I still find them oddly "cute" looking

    Grandmastergav86Grandmastergav868 күн мурун
  • Even if they do evolve into something greater or come as aliens all it would take is four teenage mutant ninja turtles 🐢

    Cast fireCast fire8 күн мурун
  • Now I feel bad for eating them.

    MrPiztolMrPiztol8 күн мурун
  • After watching this How can you tell me there is no God? The entire universe is proof of his existence

    Javier BustamanteJavier Bustamante8 күн мурун
  • 03:22 am

    CoffeeCoffee8 күн мурун
  • Oh, really, you have to use a Mexican as an example? 10:10....😆 No but seriously, the 🐙 is just another way of God pointing its existence to us,... Not forcing you to believe, but just making a fun suggestion... (am Mexican by the way)..... 😆 😆

    nabok Killznabok Killz8 күн мурун
KGworld